Pedophilia and sexual deviance are disturbingly widespread. A 2012 report found that more than half of all victims of sexual abuse were under the age of 14, while teens between the age of 16 and 19 were three and a half times more likely to suffer some form of sexual abuse. No one disagrees that pedophilia is a horrific phenomenon. But what to do with the pedophiles themselves? That’s a point of contention. With sex offender laws more vigilant than ever, you would think that once an offender is caught, his days of abuse are over. Yet a shocking preventative measure is returning to the table: castration. Both prisons and prisoners themselves are choosing different forms of castration to make sure that pedophiles never strike again. Here’s what you should know about this controversial safeguard.