India’s Supreme Court on Tuesday, Aug 22, banned “Triple Talaaq” or instant divorce, ruling it as “unconstitutional”.
Triple Talaaq is the practice under which a Muslim man can divorce his wife by simply uttering “Talaaq” three times. It is prevalent among India’s Muslim community and people who follow the Hanafi Islamic School of Law.
Victims of the practi “triple talaq”, had approached the Supreme Court to ask for a ban.
Triple talaq is banned in several Muslim countries, including in neighbouring Pakistan and conservative Saudi Arabia.
Several Islamic scholars have said there is no mention of triple talaq in the Quran, which instead details a different process for divorce based on mediation.
“It is not integral to religious practice and violates constitutional morality,” a panel of Supreme Court judges said.
The five judges were from India’s major faiths – Hinduism, Christianity, Islam, Sikhism and Zoroastrianism.
In their ruling they said it was “manifestly arbitrary” to allow a man to “break down (a) marriage whimsically and capriciously”.
“What is sinful under religion cannot be valid under law,” they said.
The All India Muslim Personal Law Board (AIMPLB), a grouping of Islamic organisations, had opposed any efforts to ban triple talaq.
The practice had been challenged in lower courts but it was the first time India’s Supreme Court had considered whether triple talaq was legal.
India allows religious institutions to govern matters of marriage, divorce and property inheritance in the multi-faith nation, enshrining triple talaq as a legal avenue for its 180 million Muslims to end unions.
But the Hindu nationalist government of Prime Minister Narendra Modi had backed the petitioners in this landmark case, declaring triple talaq unconstitutional and discriminatory against women.
Source: India media